Bad credit can follow you for a long time after you initially run into a problem. Medical emergencies and unemployment can leave anyone in financial hardship. Lenders may judge you based on years-old events without considering your current financial situation. The first step in rebuilding your financial health is understanding exactly what bad credit means.
What is considered bad credit?
Some lenders may use credit score along with other factors for loan consideration. An example is the FICO scoring system — which ranges from 300 to 850 — to gauge the likelihood of a borrower repaying a loan. Scores below 620 often fall into the “bad credit” range, http://usapaydayloans.info/maryland/baltimore/ which makes it difficult for those people to borrow from lenders that only use FICO to determine loan eligibility. Many factors play a part in the scoring process.The credit reporting bureaus track this negative mark with notations every 30 days. For example, if you took three months to get current on a past-due debt, the account would have a 90-day mark on it. Longer, more frequent delinquencies have a greater impact on your score than a one-off 30-day late.
Defaults and Collections
Sometimes you can’t catch up on bills as they pile up. Many companies consider an account in default if you exceed several months without making arrangements or catching up on missed bills. Some businesses work with collection agencies to try to recover any owed money. When that happens, you might see a collection notation on your report. Collections may remain on your account after you pay them off, but if a lender manually looks at your report, they can see your steps toward financial responsibility.
Bankruptcy can stay on your credit report for up to 10 years and has a significant impact on your score. Any tax liens and civil judgments may also be listed on your report. You may be able to remove some public records from your credit report once you satisfy the lien or judgment.